Honeymoon cystitis (or "honeymoon disease") is cystitis caused by sexual activity.
No matter the type of cystitis you have, the symptoms are usually the same: burning sensation when peeing as well as very frequent urges to go to the bathroom. More severe symptoms (e.g. blood in urine, fever, burning sensation lasting more than a day) may be a sign of acute cystitis, in which case you should consult a doctor and start an antibiotic treatment.
Honeymoon cystitis is the infection that occurs in women who have sex for the first time, or after a long period without any sexual activity. It is simply bad luck, and certainly doesn't mean anything about possible compatibility with your new partner.
During sex, it is possible for the E.coli bacteria on the skin around your anus to transfer to your urethra after getting onto your partner's fingers or penis.
Half of all women get cystitis at least once in their lives. However, honeymoon cystitis is the cause of bladder infections in only 4% of patients, so you should focus on adopting the right hygiene habits if you suffer from recurrent cystitis.
The honeymoon disease remains more common among young women in their twenties, although single women in their 50s (also known as Swofties) are increasingly reporting that they suffer from the problem.
Swofties rediscovering their sex life commonly get honeymoon cystitis. The main cause of it is not having had sex for a long period of time (or having sex for the first time). Condoms are not known to offer protection against honeymoon cystitis.
Women are much more at risk of bladder infection, because their urethra is much shorter than that of men, which makes it easy for the E.coli bacteria to reach the bladder. This is the reason why most men don't get cystitis.
You can prevent bladder infections in many ways. Drinking plenty of water (also recommended when you already have cystitis) and going to the bathroom as often as you need to, will also reduce the likelihood of you getting an infection. Peeing right after sex will help to get rid of any bacteria that might have got into the urethra.
Keep a healthy immune system and avoid drinking too much coffee, sodas and fruit juices (e.g. citrus) that can irritate your bladder. You can however drink cranberry juice on a regular basis as it appears that it can protect from cystitis by preventing bacteria from sticking to the walls of the bladder, but keep in mind that cranberry juice can't actually cure a bladder infection once you've got one.
To treat cystitis, wait 48 hours to see if it goes away using self-care methods, especially if you don't want to take antibiotics right away.
It's a good idea to first have a simple test to determine if your cystitis is bacterial or not, and if it is, to find which type of bacteria caused it (although it's known that E.coli is the cause for 95% of infections).
This will help your doctor to choose the best antibiotic treatment for you. If you know that you suffer from recurrent bladder infections, you can get a prescription for a low daily dose of antibiotics for a few months.
In general, antibiotic treatment for cystitis lasts 3 days for uncomplicated cases - just make sure that you complete the course of treatment.
If you are suffering from strong side-effects from your treatment for cystitis, do tell your doctor so that he can prescribe a different, more suitable treatment.