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A "malaria map" provides travellers with an indication of which countries are malaria risk areas, from moderate to high risk.

Whether you are worried that you might get malaria in South Africa, Kenya, India or Latin America, the risk varies from region to region. However, your doctor (online or local GP) will also need to assess your suitability for a malaria treatment depending on other factors such as: existing medical conditions (or drug interactions), which season you are going abroad, as well as the resistance of the local malaria parasite to existing treatments.

The malaria map shows you that many tropical and sub-tropical countries are malaria risk areas. There are about a hundred countries that are officially affected by the disease.

If you are soon leaving to a country where there is a risk of malaria, you can ask further questions and order a preventive malaria treatment (prescription included) for malaria online from our UK-based doctors.

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The malaria map and malaria risk areas

For all malaria-affected areas, mosquito protection is recommended. Sometimes an additional prevention treatment is required, especially for the countries in Sub-Saharan Africa as well as some in South America. The same goes for a few Southeast Asian countries that are at high risk of malaria (see below).

The other countries in Asia and Latin America are generally considered areas with limited risk of malaria.

Countries in which the malaria mosquito occurs include Malaysia, the Philippines, Myanmar and Thailand. In these countries, the parasite has a very short development cycle of only 24 hours. It can usually be killed with medication, provided it is taken shortly after the infection occured.

Travelling to a malaria risk area

First of all, you should check whether your destination is on the malaria map. Make sure to explain the details and reasons for your travel to your doctor, so that your doctor can prescribe the correct medication.

Be aware, that even in areas with a low “malaria risk” you can be infected with a severe form of malaria. This applies to India, Africa and Latin America.

Returning home

If you live in the UK and you are returning to your home country, do not forget to check whether your country is a malaria risk area. It is common for people to underestimate the risk of malaria in their hometowns. Even if you grew up in a malaria area without catching it, there is a risk that you might catch it when you go back to visit. Any resistance you might have built up is likely to have worn off.

High risk areas

If you’re planning to travel to a high risk malaria area, the drugs you will need to bring along can include chloroquine, atovaquone-proguanil, doxycycline, or mefloquine. If the area is known to have a parasite resistant to chloroquine (e.g. plasmodium falciparum), then other drugs can be used in advance as a preventive treatment. If you’re travelling to a low risk malaria area, one type of medication will usually suffice.

Malaria risk areas in India

Malaria in India is rather common but occurs in a “lighter” form. Depending on where you go (e.g. northern v southern provinces) the risk can vary from low to medium. You should seek immediate medical attention if you show the typical symptoms of malaria fever.

Malaria Risk Area Statistics

The following tables contain the malaria statistics of countries in Africa, the Americas, Asia, the West Pacific and East Mediterranean areas. The data was collected in 2011 (and in some cases 2010) and shows the number of reported cases of malaria as well as deaths associated with the infection. It is estimated that the actual number of deaths and infections in many countries exceeds the number of cases reported.

Malaria Risk Areas In Africa

In Africa, malaria is a major problem, especially from Sub-Saharan countries down to northern South Africa (low risk).

Also, anyone travelling to Kenya should keep in mind that in Kenya, malaria is widespread. Some regions of Kenya are safer, in particular those in high altitude (above 2,500 metres), as well as the area around Nairobi. The illness is less common in Northern Africa, which is marked as a low risk region.

Country

Reported Malaria Cases

Reported Deaths

Algeria

4

1

Angola

1632282

6909

Benin

422968

1753

Botswana

432

8

Burkina Faso

428113

7001

Burundi

1571874

2233

Cape Verde

36

4

Chad

181126

1220

Comoros

24856

19

Congo

71048

892

Cote d'Ivoire

29976

1389

Democratic Republic of the Congo

4561981

23748

Equatorial Guinea

22466

52

Eritrea

34848

12

Ethiopia

1480306

936

Gabon

8566

182

Gambia

261967

440

Ghana

1041260

3259

Guinea

95574

743

Guinea-Bissau

71982

472

Kenya

1002805

713

Liberia

1915762

1422

Malawi

304499

6674

Mali

307035

2128

Mauritania

2926

77

Mozambique

1756874

3086

Namibia

1860

36

Niger

780876

2802

Nigeria

551187

3353

Rwanda

208858

380

Sao Tome and Principe

8442

19

Senegal

165933

574

Sierra Leone

638859

3573

South Africa

9866

54

Swaziland

549

8

Togo

519450

1314

Uganda

231873

5958

United Republic of Tanzania

1845917

840

Zimbabwe

319935

451

Americas

Country

Reported Malaria Cases

Reported Deaths

Argentina

36

-

Belize

79

-

Bolivia

7143

-

Brazil

267045

70

Colombia

64309

18

Costa Rica

17

-

Dominican Republic

1616

10

Ecuador

1233

1

El Salvador

16

-

Guatemala

6822

-

Guyana

29471

3

Haiti

32048

3

Honduras

7615

2

Mexico

1124

-

Nicaragua

925

-

Panama

354

1

Paraguay

10

-

Peru

22878

-

Suriname

750

1

Venezuela

45824

3

Asia

Country

Reported Malaria Cases

Reported Deaths

Bangladesh

51773

36

Bhutan

194

1

Republic

of Korea

15633

-

India

1310367

753

Indonesia

256592

388

Myanmar

465294

581

Nepal

2288

2

Sri Lanka

124

-

Eastern Mediterranean

Country

Reported Malaria Cases

Reported Deaths

Afghanistan

77549

40

Djibouti

1019

-

Iran

1710

3

Morocco

1

2

Oman

13

-

Pakistan

334589

24

Saudi Arabia

69

2

Somalia

3351

5

South Sudan

112024

406

Sudan

506806

612

Yemen

90410

75

Western Pacific

Country

Reported Malaria Cases

Reported Deaths

Cambodia

57423

94

China

3367

33

Lao People's Democratic

Republic

17835

17

Malaysia

4164

13

Papua New Guinea

80928

431

Philippines

9552

12

Republic of Korea

774

-

Solomon Islands

26657

19

Vanuatu

4820

1

Viet Nam

16612

14

Source: WHO 2011

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